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Târgu Neamț

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“Humuleşti” redirects here. For the village in Chişinău municipality, Moldova, see Bubuieci.
Târgu Neamţ
—  Town  —

Coat of arms

Location of Târgu Neamţ

Coordinates: 47°12′9″N 26°21′31″E / 47.20250°N 26.35861°E / 47.20250; 26.35861Coordinates: 47°12′9″N 26°21′31″E / 47.20250°N 26.35861°E / 47.20250; 26.35861
Country  Romania
County Neamţ County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Decebal Arnăutu (Democratic Party)
Population (2002)
 • Total 20,496
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariatgneamt.ro/

Târgu Neamţ (also spelled Tîrgu Neamţ, Romanian pronunciation: [ˌtɨrɡu ˈne̯amt͡s]; German: Niamtz, Hungarian: Németvásár, Hebrew: טרגו נאמץ‎, Latin: Ante Castrum Nempch) is a town in Neamţ County, Romania, on the Neamţ River. It had, as of 2002[update], a population of 20,496. Three villages are administered by the town: Blebea, Humuleşti and Humuleştii Noi.

Contents

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[edit] History

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1912 9,095 —    
1930 9,475 +4.2%
1948 8,948 −5.6%
1956 10,373 +15.9%
1966 12,877 +24.1%
1977 14,951 +16.1%
1992 22,282 +49.0%
2002 22,634 +1.6%
2011 18,232 −19.4%
Source: Census data

Originally a market town, hence its name (in Romaniantârg” = market), it had an important role in Moldavian culture. It was first mentioned in a late-14th century document.

Neamţ Citadel, located on Pleşu hill

View from Citadel

Neamţ Monastery, located 10 km west of Tg. Neamţ

The name neamţ is derived from the Slavic word nemeti meaning “snows”. In many Slavic languages, nemeti also means “German“, as Germans could not understand Slavic speakers when the cultures first met. “Neamţ” is also a generic name for the German people in the Romanian language. This may lead to speculation of a German foundation of Târgu Neamţ, according to which Saxon colonists crossed the Carpathians from the Bistriţa area and built a commercial township. Some Romanian historians, including B. P. Haşdeu consider that Târgu Neamţ was probably a Teutonic settlement from the 13th century, when the Teutonic Order made incursions from Transylvania against the Cumanic peoples that were living in Moldavia. Nowadays, historians disagree with this possibility mostly because of the long-lasting influences of the communist-nationalistic historiography which refused to accept the town was anything else than a Romanian-founded settlement.

[edit] Access

The town is located at the crossing of two national roads: RO Roadsign 15B.svg and RO Roadsign 15C.svg. The planned East-West Motorway will bypass the town on its south when completed, providing access to Iaşi (to the east) and Târgu Mureş to the west. The railroad station is the terminus station of CFR Line 517 linking it to Paşcani via an electrified railway.

[edit] Tourism and attractions

  • The Neamţ Fortress (Cetatea Neamţului) was built in the 14th century by Voivode Petru I (possibly on the ruins of a smaller Teutonic castle), and is located on the north bank of the Neamţ river.

Image discovered from the stove’s remains in Neamţ Fortress, showing Zubr/Aurochs the coat of arms of Moldova.

  • Ion Creangă memorial house in Humuleşti, across Ozana river: This is the house where the famous Romanian writer was born and where he spent his childhood. The stories from Ion Creangă’s masterpiece Amintiri din copilărie (“Memories of my childhood”) revolve around Humuleşti, Târgu Neamţ and in the surrounding villages.
  • Monumentul Eroilor (Heroes’ Monument): an obelisk that commemorates the Romanian soldiers from World War I is found on Dealul Pleşu near the Pometea suburb. It commands views of the town and the mountains.
  • Nicolae Popa ethnographic museum in Târpești[1]

[edit] Natives

 

[edit] References

[hide]

 
Cities
Coat of arms of Neamț County
 
Towns
 
Communes

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